By an act of Congress on March 1, 1972, The Buffalo National River was established, forever protecting this magnificent river from development. The upper Buffalo is best known for its shear cliffs that extend more than 300 feet above the fast moving river in northwest Arkansas. But lower in the river there are gentle pools of slow moving water between shallow riffles and shoals, excellent for camping and fishing. Hiking trails also dot the outlying riverbanks, up and down the vast cliffs and deep hollers. Smallmouth bass and goggleye are the game fish of choice for most anglers on the Buffalo, and there are plenty of outfitters to help with a day trip or an overnight, multi-day trip on the 135-mile river.